Portland OR, Vancouver WA
When it comes to unwelcome house guests, raccoons can be quite the nuisance. A raccoon infestation means having clusters of intelligent creatures living in parts of your house, such as your attic, garage, and crawl space. Having a raccoon infestation in the crawl space of a house means sharing 40-60% of the air of your home with these animals, putting your family at risk to the airborne roundworm eggs found in their feces. Raccoons are carriers of rabies, and their feces are bio-hazards, requiring special clean up to insure pathogens don’t spread.
Life Cycle and Biology of the Raccoon
Raccoons are stocky animals, ranging from about 2 to 3 feet long, and weighing between 10 to 30 pounds. Their bodies are covered with grizzled salt and pepper grey fur, and their tails have grey and black rings; their most prominent feature is the black “mask” over their eyes; they look like cartoon bandits! Raccoons are found all throughout the United States, except for high elevations and arid areas; they prefer habitats of hardwood forest areas near water.
Raccoons typically breed around February and March, with a gestation period of about 63 days. Most litters are born in April or May, and the average size is 3 to 5 offspring. A family of raccoons usually remains with its mother for the first years before becoming fully independent.